Yenangaung Rescue Mission
Almost 7000 British soldiers and reporters were encircled by equal
number of Japanese soldiers at Yenangyaung (an oil field), Burma.
Rescue request came over the phone from Major General Scott (British)
to General Sun soon after the New 38th Division entered Burma from China.
General Sun requested to lead the entire New 38th Division to the rescue
mission, but the Chinese Field Commander Gen. C.Y. Lo refused.
General Sun led the 1300-man 113th Regiment successfully accomplished the
The reporters were grateful, and they told the world of the great Chinese
military art of wars demonstrated by General Sun and his men. This mission
became the well-known the Yenangyaung Rescue Mission. King George VI
awarded him with the BCE, and honored the Regiment Commander F.W. Liu
and some other offers medals.
This photograph was taken in 1943 soon after General Sun received the
Commander of the British Empire (CBE) Medal.
The First Chinese Commander of British Empire
During the Yenangaung Rescue Mission, a squadron of the British 2nd
Royal Tanks, with the guns of the Essex Yeomanry and remnants of
Yorkshirs were place under command of General Sun Li-Jen.
This is the first time that a British Army unit had ever been commanded
by a Chinese General.
The captain, Jack Nash, of one of the Essex Yeomanry group felt honoured,
and he described the situation in an article published in the News Letter
of the Burma Star Association as shown below.