Implication of Properties
Properties of a material dictate its manufacturing, application, marketing,
and distribution. Social, commercial, and business aspects of a material
also depend on its properties.
Properties and production
All substances are either derived from mining, or manufactured from a
combination of resources. Properties of the reactants and end products
decide their production process.
Chemical producers are big companies with a lot of resorces and
know how. Each of them have a unique line of products, because
each product require special producing facilities and technology.
Arch Chemicals is a speicalty
chemical producer. It provides microelectronic chemicals, water
chemicals, and performance chemicals.
Many more chemical producers are listed on
Chemical Companies on the Web.
The United Nation ECE Chemical Industry deals with some special
problems of the chemical industry. National chemical producers' association
looks after the interest of its members within the national boundary.
The Canadian Chemial Producers' Association
has about 70 companies, with a total sale of $15 billion.
Properties and Applications
Chemical producers are often chemical users. Products of other companies
become their raw material.
Today, Material Safety Data Sheets are available for any commercial
chemicals. The MSDS provide information for handling as well as
application, and care must be exercised and guidelines followed.
It is also a good idea to provide safety training for all the employees.
The Basic Laboratory
Safety Training at University of California, Davis provide an example.
The American Society for Testing and Materials is a developer and
provider of voluntary consensus standards, related technical information,
and services having internationally recognized quality and applicability
promote public health and safety, and the overall quality of life;
contribute to the reliability of materials, products, systems and services; and
facilitate national, regional, and international commerce.
The organization provided many publications.
Discuss the particle emissions of unstable isotopes of one of the
following elements: hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, lead, and uranium.
Find out how fission nuclear reactors are designed and work.
Find out the current research activities of fusion.